XU Chao-ming was born in December, 1942 in Tiantai county, Zhejiang province. At the age of six, he learned the erhu from his elder brother. When he studied in the middle school, he continued to study the erhu under the music teacher QIU Shi-gan. In 1958 after his graduation from junior middle school, he was admitted to the Shanghai Conservatory and studied under famous musician WANG Yi. A year after, he was encouraged by WANG Yi, changed his study-subject from the erhu to the newly set-up sheng profession. He then studied the seventeen-reed sheng under ZHANG Xin-min of the Shanghai Chinese Orchestra and ZHAO Feng-yin of the Experimental Opera House of Shanghai. In 1962, he graduated from the affiliated secondary and continued to study in the conservatory under ZHAO Feng-yin. He also short-term studied the eighteen-reed lusheng under the renowned musician DONG Dan-gan of the Song and Dance Troupe of Guizhou Province. He is now the vice chairman of the Sheng Academy Society of China, Professor of Shanghai Conservatory. His compositions on the solo sheng included Tea Serving, etc. He also wrote many articles about the sheng which had been published by music magazines.