LIU Tian-yi also named LIU Hou-ji was born on October 20, 1910 in Taishan, Guangdong province and passed away on June 3, 1990 in Guangzhou. In 1914, he moved to Guangzhou with his father. He loved music since his childhood. In 1931, he was a member of a famous music society in Guangzhou, the Su Society, and was a gaohu player there. In 1934, he held a gaohu recital in the Guangzhou Y.M.C.A. Concert Hall, accompanied by a renown Russian pianist. In 1938, he moved to Macau, and subsequently to Hong Kong in 1949. From 1950 on, he played the zheng for film music and made recordings. In 1954, he moved back to Guangzhou and worked in the Research Unit of Cantonese Music as a gaohu and zheng soloist. In 1955, he performed before Soviet armies in a tour to Luda with the South China Song and Dance Troupe. In 1956, as a member of the representatives of the music circle of Guangdong, he performed in Beijing in the First National Music Week. In 1959, he toured to USSR and Hungary with the Guangdong Folk Ensemble and was praised to be a talented musician. In 1961, he was the vice-director of the Guangdong Narrative Singing Troupe. In the 1960’s, he had performed in Macau, Japan and Hong Kong. He was good at absorbing the strong points of other players and assimilated them to become his unique style. His gaohu playing had a beautiful timbre, a resonant and full sound, and was fluently flowing, bright and rich in varieties. He could play triumphantly or inwardly according to the requirements of the pieces and had attained a high level of performance.