Development of Chinese Instrumental Music
The instrumental music ensemble and with as accompaniment of vocal music, very already has in China, moreover once for a long time continued, until now, if a more ancient fable will be an exception does not count, then before B.C.E.5 centuries, we really had the quite grand instrumental ensemble, also useful instrumental music accompaniment vocal music, also had one kind of expression form which the vocal music and the instrumental music alternated with does (1), arranged in B.C.E. 5 centuries Kong Zi in poetry once described “two friends play the instrument together” (2). “The qin and the Chinese zither instrumental ensemble” (3) and so on the matter, Kong Zi also once at the same time played the Chinese zither, at the same time sang (4).About the solo, we knew, when B.C.E. 6 centuries, once some Wei Guo’s musicians, reported the ancient times melody in the guqin which a his institute newly learned (5); The Spring and Autumn Period time (first770 – first 403) Yu Boya once reported the description in the guqin “the mountain” and “the running water” the melody; In B.C.E. 3 to 10centuries section of period, appeared many flutes, the pipa, the jie drum, the zheng, the harp, the guqin and all that musical instruments solos and the solo melody, after this, still continued to have the development. To the musical instrument, to the performer, to plays the situation, to the melody content, inside ours historical record, inside the poetry and other literary works, all has the innumerable outstanding feature articles chapter. For the instrumental music instrumental ensemble, the solo, the dancing partner, the vocal accompaniment, these pictures are mentioned among our many carved stone and the drawing. The literature, from instrumental music aspect, also sufficiently arouses us to inherit and to carry forward the national outstanding tradition self-confidence and the sense of responsibility.
Our instrumental music, certainly is not the isolation produces; Each kind of instrumental music form mutually between, with them with between the instrumental music outside music form, all has quite close relationship. The majority of instrumental music melody has the relation with the vocal music melody, already was an obvious fact. Besides some special instrumental music creation, some instrumental music melody itself is the folk song instrumental music processing, some instrumental music melody, then is the instrumental music development which extends from the drama or on other music parent substances. We some have at present become the independent form therapy musical instrument names of the tunes to which descant are composed are rap the musical instrument by the past to produce regarding in the vocal music accompaniment; Otherwise, our also some orchestral music period is because the past wind and stringed musical instruments musical instrument to partially rapped the sound musical instrument to serve as contrast the alternation surface to produce. In owes in the bountiful instrumental music, not only may see the vocal music and the instrumental music relations, moreover also may see the many kinds of instrumental music happy inter-species mutual relations.
The economic environment and the production situation is different, also has affected the instrumental music performance form and the orchestra uses musical instrument the type. The vast area, in a population more dispersible countryside, uses the musical instrumental the outdoors performance instrumental music, like the Suona, the tube as well as rap and so on happy, its sends out toward is tore sounding, is resounding, very many people the sound which all can hear from the distant place; In a population more centralized metropolis, at the indoors performance instrumental music, multipurpose stringed musical instrument, its plays the melody gently, Chang Pianyu 1s exquisite. The our country each place innumerable metropolises and the countryside working people, unified their long-term life, created for us and spreads has gotten down the melody which was extremely diverse calculates with difficulty, as well as assorted each musical instrument assorted each clever expression method. This is a fountainhead which our instrumental music takes doesn’t use up, also is the object which we inherits today and develops.
But these rich inheritances, in the past long-term feudalism dynasty time, for a long time are once despised, their development is hindered, between them exchanges the relations partially are also isolated. They have not been collected by the person, the sound recording, also has not been recorded by the person writes, there organization, they still preserved in the entertainers oral center, on musical instrument, but also certainly has not been possible to listen the phonograph record, the written music might in order to make the universal public introduction. In several millennitums history, they first time obtain the attention which should have, may say, is only after today people regime establishment. Certainly, faced with boundless sea, regarding each Le Zhong and each Le Zhongzhong each melody, even if has chosen the key point, also has no alternative but from to choose starts bit by bit; After people’s regime establishment, although crosses the enormous endeavor after many comrades, but the part which grasps has come with the actual existence instrumental music complete inheritance to compare, then still only “a drop in the bucket”. But this has had the remarkable contrast with the past. The working people long-term creation, preserved and the development instrumental music, is despised in the past, today is taken. Summon sunder the government, is unprecedented, the wide range comprehensive joint performance, plays each place outstanding entertainer the outstanding program, repeatedly 1s approaching the general audience recommendation; Is skilled in the music service the cadre, frequently in groups goes to the country the interview, studies to the entertainers, obtains entertainer’s cooperation, then carries on there organization. Although insufficiently comprehensive, also insufficiently is thorough, after but the foot explained outstanding social system establishment short period, already obtained the preliminary harvest in the national instrumental music aspect. We believed that, our inheritance 1s rich, our collective strength is infinite. We continue to endeavor, day by day will course a higher result, we gradually will be able to understand more happy kinds, will select better, more melody come and the populace meet.