A0002 吳祖強（1927.7.24 ～ 2022.3.14）
WU Zu-qiang (July 24, 1927 ～ March 14, 2022)
WU Zu-qiang was a composer and educator, the former Vice Chairman of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC), and the former President of the Central Conservatory of Music (CCOM). He was born on July 24, 1927, in Beijing, with ancestral roots in Wujin, Jiangsu Province. During his primary and secondary school years, influenced by musicians SHENG Jia-lun and ZHANG Ding-he, he aspired to study music.
In 1947, Wu entered the Theory and Composition Department of the National Conservatory of Music in Nanjing, where he studied under JIANG Ding-xian. In 1952, after graduating from the Central Conservatory of Music, he went to study in the Soviet Union and enrolled in the Theory and Composition Department of the Moscow State Tchaikovsky Conservatory. After his graduation in 1958, he returned to China and began teaching at the Composition Department of the Central Conservatory of Music.
From 1958 to 1986, Wu held various positions at the Central Conservatory of Music, including lecturer at the Composition Department, head of the Central Orchestra Composition Group, Vice President and President of the Interim Leadership Group of the Central Conservatory of Music, and member of the Party Group of the Ministry of Culture. From 1986 to 1996, he served as the Secretary of the Party Group of the CFLAC, President of the Central Conservatory of Music, Vice Chairman of the Chinese Musicians’ Association, Executive Vice Chairman of the CFLAC, professor and doctoral supervisor at the Central Conservatory of Music. From 1996 to 2001, he served as the Vice Chairman of the CFLAC. He also held positions such as Executive Committee Member of the International Music Council and Member of the Arts Committee of the National Education Commission. He retired in September 2019.
Wu’s significant works include String Quartet, Symphonic Tone Poem “On the Land of Our Motherland,” Oratorio “Struggling with Floods,” the music for the ballets “The Fish Beauty” and “The Red Detachment of Women” in collaboration with DU Ming-xin, and the Pipa and Orchestra Concerto “The Little Sisters on the Prairie” in collaboration with WANG Yan-qiao and LIU De-hai. He also arranged “Reflection of the Moon on Lake Erquan” and “Listening to the Pines” for string ensemble, “River Waters” for erhu and orchestra, and “Moonlight over the River in Spring” for pipa and orchestra.
WU Zu-qiang passed away on March 14, 2022, in Beijing at the age of 95, due to illness.