CAO Dong-fu was born on November 8, 1898 in Deng County, Henan province and passed away in November 1970 of 72 years old. His first name was Dian-you. His father was good at singing Henan Da Tiao and performing yangqin, zhuihu and other instruments. When CAO Dong-fu was seven, he studied in a private school, but left the school at eleven due to poverty. Then he learned the Henan Da Tiao from his father and sang these in tea houses and food yards for living. Later, he learned the Henan Da Tiao, yangqin, zhuihu, sanxian, zheng and other instruments under HUANG Wen-bing and ZHAO Xi-shan of the Henan school. In 1948, he founded the Research Unit of Henan Da Tiao. In 1953, he was invited to perform the zheng solo and also the ensemble in the 1st Traditional Music and Folk Dance Show in Beijing. In 1954, he was invited by the Central Conservatory together with WANG Sheng-wu to make recordings of Da Tiao Qu Zi and Ban Tou Qu and stayed in the conservatory to teach the sanxian of Henan school there.
ZHAO Yu-zhai was born on February 2, 1924 in Yun Cheng, Shandong province and passed away of illness on February 10, 1998 in Shenyang. He started to learn the sihu, banhu, zhuihu and yangqin under WANG Deng-hai and the zheng under FAN Xi-yu and LI Lian-jun since his childhood. In 1943, he learned the zheng and leiqin under WANG Dian-yu and joined Wang’s Ensemble of Dong Lu. In 1951, he joined the AcrobaticTroupe of Zhongqing and became the leiqin and zheng performer. In 1953, he was invited to Beijing to participate in the 1st Traditional Music and Folk Dance Show. In autumn of 1953, he was recommended by CAO Zheng as a teacher in Shenyang Conservatory and worked there until his death. He composed many zheng new pieces, such as Celebration of Good Harvest, Early Spring, Praise Song of Workers and Peaceful Dance, etc.
LUO Jiu-xiang was born on June 19,1902 in Dabu, Guangdong province and passed away of illness on June 9, 1978 in his hometown. In 1923, when he was a teacher in Guangdong, he loved the zheng music and learned it from a blind artist. In 1925, he further studied the zheng under the famous master HE Yu-zhai of Guangdong Hanyue for five years. During this period, he was used to play in ensemble with RAO Shu-shu (tihu), RAO Cong-ju (yangqin), RAO Bi-chu (pipa), RAO Tuo-sheng (dizi), HE Shao-qing (zheng) and LUO Ji-shi (xiao) on the sixty ancient melodies passed down by HE Yu-zhai. In 1959, he was appointed by the Tianjin Conservatory to teach the zheng of Guangdong Hanyue. In September of 1960, he was transferred to Guangzhou Conservatory to teach zheng music until his death.
LIU Tian-yi was born on October 20,1910 in Taishan, Guangdong province and passed away on June 3,1990 in Guangzhou. His first name was Hou-ji. In 1914 he moved to Guangzhou with his father. He loved music since his childhood. In secondary school years, he learned Cantonese operatic songs and Cantonese music by himself, and played several Chinese instruments. In 1931, he was a member of the Su Society, a famous music society in Guangzhou, and was a gaohu player there. In 1934, he held a gaohu recital in the Guangzhou Y.M.C.A. Concert Hall, accompanied by a renown Russian pianist. In 1938, he moved to Macau, and subsequently to Hong Kong in 1949. From 1950 onward, he played the zheng for film music and made recordings. In 1954, he moved back to Guangzhou and worked in the Research Unit of Cantonese Music as a gaohu and zheng soloist. In 1956, as a member of the representatives of the music circle of Guangdong, he performed in Beijing in the First National Music Week. In 1959, he toured to the former USSR and Hungary with the Guangdong Folk Ensemble and was praised to be a talented musician. In 1960’s, he had performed in Macau, Japan and Hong Kong. He was good at absorbing the strong points of other players and assimilated them to become his unique style. His gaohu performance had a beautiful timbre, a resonant and full sound, and was fluently flowing, bright and rich in varieties. He could play triumphantly or inwardly according to the requirements of the pieces and had attained a high level of performance.
DING Bo-ling was born in 1939 in Kaifeng, Henan province and passed away of illness in Wuhan.. She learned the zheng under Professor CAO Zheng, CAO Dong-fu, ZHAO Yu-zhai and LUO Jiu-xiang. In 1960, She graduated from the Shenyang Conservatory, and appointed as a teacher in Shenyang Conservatory and the Wuhan Conservatory. She composed the zheng pieces Jubilant Prairie by herself and Lives of the Craft Crew with CHEN Gou-quan. She also arranged the Shooting Down Wild Geese (Henan Bantou Qu) and Spring Song at River Bank by herself and A Flower leads All flowers to Blossom with HUANG Xiao-fei and GAO Pei.
YE Shen-long was born in November 1938 in Hong Kong and passed away of illness on August 14, 2016. His ancestral home was in Sunwui, Guangdong province. In 1953, he was admitted to the affiliated middle school of Shenyang Conservatory. In 1956, he studied the zheng at the national music department of Shenyang Conservatory under the zheng masters CAO Zheng, ZHAO Yu-zhai and SU Wen-xian. In 1960, he graduated from the conservatory and was assigned to the Song and Dance Troupe of Liaoning Province as a member of the ensemble attached to it. He has composed the zheng piece Mountain Song of Ali together with WANG Shu-fang.
FAN Shang-e was born in October 1942 in Shanghai and her ancestral home was in Caoyang, Guangdong province. In 1954, she was admitted to the affiliated middle school of Shanghai Conservatory, majored in the piano. In 1958, she changed the subject to learn the zheng until graduated with distinction from the conservatory in 1966. She studied various schools of zheng playing under the famous zheng masters WANG Xun-zi, CAO Zheng and GUO Ying which included the Zhejiang, Chaozhou, Henan and Shandong. In 1967, she joined the Chinese Movie Traditional Orchestra in Beijing and was appointed as national first grade performer in 1998. She was the director of the Beijing Guzheng Research Institute. She has performed extensively throughout Asia, Europe and North America. In 1981, she participated in the Asian Composer Conference and Music Festival in Hong Kong and premiered the Fantasia of River Miluo which was the first Chinese concerto piece of guzheng with the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra. She has resettled in Toronto of Canada since 1992.
QU Yun was born in May 1946 in Xi’an, Shanxi province and her ancestral home was in Pingdu, Shandong province. In 1959, she was admitted to the affiliated middle school of Xi’an Conservatory learning the zheng and pipa from GAO Zi-cheng and ZHOU Yan-jia. In 1970, she graduated from the conservatory and was appointed to the Folk Art Troupe of Shanxi for sixteen years. During these years, she was given valuable guidance from the well-known scholars CAO Zheng and LI Shi-gen. These combined laid the solid foundation to her later performance, composing and theoretical research. Now QU Yun is working as a professional zheng soloist, teacher and doing the teaching and researching work of traditional music. She published a series of valuable thesis concerning the position of zheng in Xi’an ancient music, the detailed discussion of the music score, etc. She is a professor of the Art College of Shanxi and has various tiles of zheng societies and musicians’ associations of big cities and provinces.
RAO Ning-xin was born in 1943 in Dabu, Guangdong province. He had learned the performing of many traditional instruments from his father RAO Cong-ju since he was young. In 1959, he was admitted to the affiliated middle school of Guangzhou Conservatory learning under SU Wen-xian of the Chaozhou school and LUO Jiu-xiang of the Kejia school. In 1965, he graduated from the university of the conservatory and took the teaching position in Sichuan Conservatory for eight years, later was transferred to the Guangdong Music and Narrative Singing Troupe for six years. Afterwards, he was appointed to the Xinghai Conservatory (formerly the Guangzhou Conservatory) and taught there uptil now. In addition, he was frequently invited by the conservatories and music institutes of Beijing, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan for lectures and performances. Presently, he is the professor of the Xinghai Conservatory, vice-chairman of the Chinese Zheng Society and the board director of the Beijing Zheng Research Association.
LIN Ling was born in March 1963 in Chaozhou, Guangdong province. She has inherited the unique style of zheng playing in the region. Her childhood zheng tutor was YANG Xiu-ming, a renowned performer of the Chaozhou school. In 1977, she was admitted to the Central Conservatory and three years later transferred to the Chia Conservatory. She studied under CAO Zheng, QIU Da-cheng, LI Yuan-fen and HON See-wah. Graduated with distinction in her Bachelor degree in 1985, she was, for the first time in the Conservatory, admitted to the Master research degree program without any examination. Her master thesis On Chaozhou Zheng Performance was completed in 1987 together with a successful graduation concert. Her performing career started early in her school years and extended beyond the campus when she was often enlisted in the National Performing Troupe and the National Plucked Instrument Troupe. She has won many prizes in National and International competitions. She is a member of the Chinese Musicians’ Association.
LOU Jing was born in 1973 in Shanghai. She started to play zheng at ten years old under the tutorage of the well-known soloist and educator HE Bao-quan and SUN Wen-yan. When she was thirteen, she became a junior of Shanghai Conservatory. After graduation, she entered Shanghai Chinese Orchestra. With the co-operation of famous composers HE Zhan-hao and ZHOU Cheng-long, she won her fame by presenting the new pieces. She has distinguished approaches to the understanding and handling of the traditional as well as new masterpieces. Her performances win the praises of professionals and critics alike and won her many prizes. When she was twelve years old she took part in the Shanghai Children’s Competition for Musical Instruments and won the second prize and the prize for Shanghai Creative Playing Competition. In 1989 she won the first prize in ART Competition of Chinese Traditional Musical Instrument. Furthermore, she won the performance prize in Shanghai Spring Art Festival and in 1993 won FU Cheng-xian Scholarship gratified by Shanghai Conservatory. She visited many countries to give performances in concert halls as a representative of Shanghai Art Group.
LUO Xiao-ci was born in Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province. With the cultivation of her father, she began to learn painting and calligraphy at the age of five and the zheng at the age of seven. At the age of thirteen she was admitted to the affiliated middle school of Shanghai Conservatory. In the same year, she won the second prize of juvenile group in ART Cup China International Musical Instrument Contest. After she was graduated from the Shanghai Conservatory, she studied under professor YAN Ai-hua, GUO Xue-jun, HE Bao-quan and SUN Wen-yan, etc. During her study, she benefited a lot from WANG Zhong-shan, ZHAO Man-qing, the celebrated Guzheng artist of China Conservatory. Now she is the soloist in Shanghai Chinese Orchestra. As a soloist, she has been invited to participate in many important opening ceremonies of Arts Festivals in China. She has set her foot on many parts of the world; she has performed in Vienna Golden Hall, Champs-Elysee Opera House, Hamburger National Assembly Center, the hall of UNESCO and Ukraine National Opera House. During the 2001 Shanghai Spring International Music Festival, the Luo Xiaoci Solo Concert was held and her personal painting and calligraphy show was also held. For many years, she has broken a monotonous performing style on the basis of traditional heritage, and incorporated many artistic styles in her performance to enhance the profoundity of Guzheng music.
SUN Xin was born in a musician’s family and started to play the zheng when she was only six years old. Her teachers, QIU Da-cheng, XU Ling-zi, WANG Zhong-shan and LI Wan-fen are all renowned zheng masters with different characteristics. Some are known for their remarkable craftsmanship, some for their inspiring performance, some for their originality and brilliance. The art of zheng play has also stained full maturity, after systematically incorporating different schools. Therefore, today’s young musicians have received strict, systematic and comprehensive training. She is very smart and has very good aptitude for music. For the twenty years after she picked up the instrument, competent teachers have given her strict training and her parents have made positive encouragements. She has been awarded many honors and prizes. She is fully absorbed in music. As an ancient Chinese saying goes: those who concentrate on studies will surely achieve success. She is indeed such a good example.
CAO Zheng was born on December 31, 1920 in Xinmin, Liaoning province and passed away of illness on April 13, 1998 in Beijing. He was originally named GUO Ji-guang. In 1936, his uncle introduced him to join a local society in Beijing, where he had a chance to learn the zheng under WEI Zi-you of the Henan school and also his student LOU Shu-hua. In 1945, he was introduced by Lou to learn the zheng under LIANG Zai-ping. In 1948, he was recommended by CHENG Wu-jia to teach the zheng in the Nanjing National Conservatory for a term. During that time, he learned the guqin from XIA Yi-feng. At the same year, he and his friends FAN Le-tian, ZHENG Pei-xin and TONG Yi-feng initiated to establish the Xun Feng Zheng Society in Xuzhou. In 1950, he was appointed to teaching in Shenyang Conservatory. In 1957 and 1989, he was transferred to teach in Xi’an Conservatory and Shanghai Conservatory for a year each respectively. While in Shenyang, he made arrangement together with ZHU Yu-zi on the zheng piece Evening Song in the Fishing Boat into a duet of the gaohu and zheng, which was well received and won an award of first honor. In the Autumn of 1964, the China Conservatory was founded in Beijing, he was transferred to teach there. He was the first president of the Beijing Zheng Research Association.
GAO Zi-cheng was born 0n December 1,1918 in Yuncheng, Shandong province and passed away of illness on August 21,2010 in Xi’an. His first name was Ming-xun and he started to learn the zheng and yangqin from his grandfather GAO Guang-si and his uncle GAO Ji-xian since his childhood. Later, he was introduced by his classmate GAO Ke-qi to learn the zheng under ZHANG Wei-zhao who lived twenty five miles away from his home. In 1931, he further studied the zheng and yangqin under ZHANG Wei-tai, HUANG Huai-de, ZHANG Nian-sheng and LI Lian-jun. In 1935, he learned under WANG Dian-yu and joined Wang’s Ensemble of Dong Lu. In 1955, he was appointed to the Main Politic Song and Dance Troup in Beijing. In 1957, he was transferred to teach in Xi’an Conservatory. In1962, when the zheng artist WANG Sheng-wu of the Henan school joined Xi’an Conservatory, both of Gao and Wang found that the zheng melody and style the Shangdong school and the Henan school were really close. They then used half year’s time to arrange ten duet pieces of them and named these Da Ban Tao Qu of Lu and Yu and reedited and completed the draft in 1980. He was elected the first president of the Qin Zheng Association, which was founded in June 1983 in Xi’an.
SU Wen-xian was born on December 1, 1907 in Chaozhou, Guangdong province and passed away of illness on August 11, 1971. In 1926, when he was working in a gold smith shop in Bangkok, Thailand, he had a chance to watch the young master XIE Shao-pu in learning the pipa with the well known pipa master HONG Pei-chen of the Chaozhou school and tried to learn by himself. Xie discovered this and let him studied with him. When he took his annual vacation every year at homeland, he further studied the pipa under WANG Ze-ru and also the zheng under ZHENG Zhu-san. In 1956, he was appointed to teaching in Shenyang Conservatory. In 1958, he was transferred to the newly established Guangzhou Conservatory. In there, he used the new both hands technique of zheng to arrange new piece for it, which broke the tradition of Chaozhou style and created a new format on performing. This was well received and be used by most of the musicians later.
ZHAO Deng-shan was born on February 6, 1933 in Yuncheng, Shandong and passed away of illness on February 25, 2021 in Changchun. He was formerly named ZHAO Shu-shi. When he was fourteen, he learned the zhuihu from WANG Deng-ji and the zheng from FAN Si-yu. In 1950, he further studied the zheng under ZHAO Yu-zhai. In 1953, he was admitted to the Dong Bei Music Training School. In 1954, he was appointed to People’s Art House of Dong Bei, later transferred to the Song and Dance Troupe of Jilin Province. In mid of 1980, he was transferred to the Traditional Orchestra of Jilin Province. He had composed the new zheng pieces Spring in the Fields and Celebrating the Festival. In 1980’s, he composed the famous zheng piece Roar of Iron Horses which was well received by the zheng players.
LIN Mao-gen was born in February 1929 in Jieyang, Guangdong province and passed away of illness on June 8, 2007 in Shantou, Guangdong province. His father LIN Daoyao was a renowned musician of playing the Yehu. He learned the zheng under the famous musician ZHANG Han-zhai. In 1949, he joined the Chinese People’s Liberation Army of the Zhaoshan area, later was appointed as the head and manager of various artistic groups in that area. In 1992, the forty scores of his performances on the Chaozhou zheng music were published. Other articles related Chaozhou music were also be published on various publications. He had been making recordings with ZHANG Han-zhai, HE Tian-you and YANG Guang-quan on Chaozhou music.
ZHOU Yan-jia was born on June 1934 in Wenxi, Shanxi province and passed away of illness on August 3, 2019 in Xi’an. In 1953, he was admitted to the affiliated middle school of Xi Bei Arts Training School and later admitted to Xi’an Music School which is now the Xi’an Conservatory. He was learned the zheng under the famous musicians CAO Zheng and GAO Zhi-cheng. In 1959, after his graduation from Xi’an Conservatory, he became the teacher of the conservatory. In 1997, he was appointed as a tutor of the Hong Kong APA for one year. He is a member of the Musicians’ Association of China, vice president of the Zheng Society of the Musicians’ Association of China, vice president of the Committee of Zheng Profession of the Chinese Orchestral Music Society, president of Shaanxi Qinzheng Society, chief-editor of the Qinzheng magazine. He has composed many famous pieces for the zheng, such as A Tune of Qin Mulberry, The Tears of the Widow Jiang, Hundred Flower and Tune of Misery, etc.
CAO Gui-fen was born on June 1938 in Henan province and passed away of illness on May 28, 2019 in Zhengzhou Henan province. Her ancestral home was in Dengzhou, Henan province. She was the daughter of the renowned zheng artist CAO Dong-fu of the Henan school. She learned the zheng, Henan Da Diao and Qupai from her father. When she was sixteen, she joined the Qu Theater of Kaifeng as a member of its orchestra and later transferred to the Beijing Opera Theater of Kaifeng. In 1978, she was transferred to the Qu Theater of Henan Province. When she was twenty five, she was selected to participate in the 1st Session of the National Recital and Solo Concert. Her performance was high level and well received.
REN Qing-zhi was born in 1924 in Ye County, Henan province and passed away in 2000. When he was thirteen, he started to learn the yangqin. At the age of fifteen, he learned the zheng from the old musicians ZHAO Jun-an and NING Bao-heng of the Ye county. His Charming technique on the zheng was absorbed from the technique of the sanxian and the pieces he used to play were adapted from the folk tunes. Around 1944, he always roamed everywhere and played the zheng together with his friends when it was not in busy farming seasons. After 1949, he joined the Qu Theater of Henan Province until he retired in 1993. His zheng composition pieces including Xin Kai Ban, Shan Po Yang and Canal of Happiness, etc.
HON See-wah was born in October 1939 in Kunming, Yunnan Province. Her ancestral home was in Shanghai. In the early days, piano was her major. Later, she studied the zheng under the celebrated WANG Xun-zhi of the Zhejiang school and CAO Zheng and GUO Ying of other schools. She was graduated from the Shanghai Conservatory. During her days at the conservatory, she was first engaged in a double zheng performance, and this performance won her much acclamation. After graduation, she was appointed as a zheng soloist in the Beijing Film Studio Orchestra, the Shanghai Orchestra and the Song and Dance Troupe of China. She was also a lecturer at the Central Conservatory and the China Conservatory and the committee member of the Beijing Zheng Research Association. In 1981, she immigrated to Hong Kong. She joined the Hong Kong National Music Society as a committee member. She teaches at the Chinese University of Hong Kong and at the Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts. She is the author of The Origin and Style of Chinese Zheng Music and Scores of Chinese Zheng Music Performed by HON See-wah Vol.Ⅰand Vol.Ⅱ.
WANG Chang-yuan was born on August 22,1945 in Shanghai. Her ancestral home was in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province and her father was the renowned zheng musician WANG Xun-zhi of the Zhejiang school. She started to learn the zheng from her father when she was nine. In 1960, she was admitted to the affiliated middle school of the Shanghai Conservatory. She continued her university training in the conservatory under her father and GUO Ying of the Chaozhou school. In 1969, after her graduation from the conservator, she was appointed to the Shanghai Opera House, Shanghai Philharmonic Orchestra and the Shanghai Traditional Orchestra as a zheng soloist. In the mid of 1980’s, she immigrated to US. In 1964, she started her composition of the famous zheng piece Battling against the Typhone and in 1973, she worked together with PU Qi-zhang to make arrangement of The New Song of Dongting.
XU Ling-zi’s ancestral home was in Chaozhou, Guangdong province. Both of her parents are zheng performers and educationists. In 1979, she was admitted to the Shanghai Conservatory learning under WANG Chang-yuan, HE Bao-quan and GUO Ying. In 1983, she graduated from the conservatory and became a teacher there. In 1986, she was transferred to the National Traditional Orchestra of China. Since 1995, she has been a full-time zheng instructor at the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts. She has made numerous solo albums over the years and has also performed as soloist in National Day gala concerts, in the Spring of Shanghai Festival and in the CCTV programme. Xu has made many tour performances in Europe, North America and Asia. Her performance has been acclaimed by most of the critics.
LI Meng was born in 1959 in Nanning, Guangxi province. Her father was a renownd singer LI Zhi-shu. In 1971, she jointed the Acrobatic Troupe of Guangxi as a member of its orchestra in performing of violin and erhu. In 1976, she was admitted to the Central Conservatory learning under LI Wan-fen, CAO Zheng, HON See-wah and ZHANG Yan. In 1982, she graduated from the conservatory and became a teacher there. In 1984, she further studied the zheng as a graduate student. Since 1980’s, she has visited Guangdong, Fujian, Shaanxi, Henan, Zhejiang, Inner Mongolia to collect the zheng pieces performed by the senior musicians. In January 1995, her book Zheng Pieces of Chaozhou published including XIAO Yun-ge, Zheng Yuan, LIN Mao-gen, YANG Xiu-ming and GUO Ying’s sixty two zheng pieces of Chaozhou school.
WANG Zhong-shan is of Mongolian descent, but was born in Henan province. He started to study the zheng in his childhood, and has received the guidance of a dozen of zheng players. He is deeply rooted in the Henan School of zheng playing. In 1981, he entered Nanyang Art School, studying under the zheng player ZHAO Man-qin. In 1986 he played the premieres of Defeating the Tiger on the Mountain and Red Sun over Jinggang Mountain with newly invented difficult techniques, and attracted the attention of many. Afterwards, he entered the China Conservatory, studying under the zheng player LI Wan-fen. In 1989 he was awarded in the “ART” Cup Instrumental Competition. In 1995 he won the first prize in the zheng section of an international Chinese instrumental competition. WANG Zhong-shan is now a zheng teacher of the China Conservatory. He is innovative in the use of techniques of zheng playing, and pioneered the use of cyclic fingering on the zheng to enrich its expressive ability.
YUAN Sha began to receive the formal zheng train from LIU Miao since she was six. At the age of ten, she was admitted to the affiliated elementary school of the Central Conservatory. In 1990, she was admitted to the affiliated middle school of the conservatory as an excellent graduate and in the same way further her study in the university. In 1999, she was recommended without examination as a post-graduate in the conservatory. Since she has been admitted to the conservatory from elementary to university, she studied the zheng diligently under Professor LI Meng. She was an outstanding student and had gained many honorable titles and prizes in China and overseas. In November 2001, she obtained the Gold Prize in the first “ROI Cup” Chinese National Instrument——Guzheng International. In August 2002, she obtained the champion of the professional level in the first Chinese National Instrument Performance Competition organized by the Ministry of Culture of China. YUAN Sha becomes an outstanding player in the new generation of the Chinese traditional music.
REN Jie is the best young zheng player in China who won the champions of the two national top music competitions the “WenHua Art College Prize”, which is the highest government prize awarded by the Ministry of Culture and the “Gold Bell Prize”, which is the highest Chinese music prize. She was the first one to achieve this double champions. Also, she won the champion of the “International Gold Prize” of solo in the International Art Festival of North Korea. She had been the first Chinese artist to win this prize in the past 24 years. Then, she was the first best young artist who won the highest government prize, the highest Chinese music prize and the international gold prize. In Nanjing city, she was elected to be the first place of the “Top 10 outstanding youth”, and was called as a representative of the “Super 80’s who influencing China”. From 1990’s, She was appreciated by the famous composers, Mr. WANG Jian-min and Mr. ZHUANG Yao and was allowed to play the premieres of their compositions. Surely, her performances became the models of the compositions and were sung high praise for it.
WONG Kin-wai started his musical career playing the erhu in Hong Kong where he grew up, although he is now better known as a player of huqin and zheng. He joined the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra in 1978, going on to study with the famous teacher WONG On-yuen as well as receiving lessons from famous musicians in China. He has toured Taiwan on several occasions and given classes and recitals in Japan. While he was a member of the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra, he visited Singapore, Beijing, Taiwan, Macau and Australia. He has given frequent interviews on television and radio. He is a multi-faceted musician in addition to playing huqin, he has an excellent command of other instruments such as the liuqin, zhongruan and yangqin. In 1985 he was invited to come to Macau to give a course and organize activities that would promote Chinese music. In 1987 he was appointed conductor and artistic director of the recently-formed Macau Chinese Orchestra. In 1988 he performed with the Orchestra in Lisbon. In 1988 and 1989 he was guest soloist at the 1st and 2nd Traditional Arts Festivals of Taibei National Chinese Orchestra.
FU Ll-na Virtuoso in Zheng and Se. Born in Henan in 1956. As her father was the first leader of the Henan Song and Dance Troupe, FU liked arts since childhood. She first learned erhu, then changed to learn zheng from DING Chengyun. She worked as a music teacher since 1974. In 1978, she furthered her studies in the music faculty of Henan University. She gained the bachelor degree in 1981. Then she had taught in different colleges and finally as a vice-professor in the sight and hearing training courses and zheng studies. Besides teaching, she is presently holding some researches in traditional music topics. In 1996, FU was awarded a First Class honour in Scientific Research, and twice the Execellent Teaching Award in Henan University.
YIN Qi-ying The Zheng player YIN was born in Liaonin in 1933. His grandfather was also a Zheng player and Chinese doctor. YIN could play erhu and violin when he was young. In 1950, he entered training classes in Shenyang. In 1951, he joined the People’s Army Arts Troupe. In 1955, he started his study of zheng in the Northeast Music Institute and was taught by the most famous zheng masters of China. He had transplanted some piano pieces to zheng by that time. In 1957, he won the gold medal in the music fest ival in Moscow by playing the trio piece “Spring is Coming”. In 1958, he worked in the Gansu Radio then transferred to the Central Chinese Orchestra in 1962. YIN had composed many famous zheng pieces and wrote some important essays about Chinese music.
LEI Yu-sheng Born in Sichuan in 1932. He loved music s ince childhood and composed his first work in 1948. He moved to Hong Kong with all his family in 1949. In 1950, he entered the Northeast Arts Institute and learned composing from different composers, and other instruments including flute, violin and zheng. In 1956, he graduated and became a teacher there. In those years, he had made some successful compositions including the “Spring “is Coming”. This piece of work had won many awards in Liaonin Music competition and the music festival in Moscow. Besides, instrumental, Lei also composed many vocal works. In 1960, he started to work in the Liaonin Opera House and became the vice-chairman of the House in 1984. In 1990, he was transferred to Guangzhou until he retired.