FENG Shao-xian was born in December 1939 in Hailun, Heilongjiang province. In 1953, he was admitted to the Hailun Opera Theatre of Heilongjiang as a student learning the yueqin and percussion of Ping opera accompaniment. In 1957, he was admitted to the Song and Dance Troupe of Harbin learning the erhu and also being a member of the ensemble attached to it. In 1958, the troupe changed the name to Song and Dance Theatre of Harbin. He then further studied the erhu under ZHANG Ji-rang and also studied the pipa under LI Ting-song. In 1959, he started to reform the yueqin of Beijing Opera by adding freds and strings to make it to a chromatic scale instrument. In the same year, he composed the yueqin solo piece Fisherman Song of the Songhua River together with CAO Da-cang. Later on, he composed many other yueqin pieces himself. In 1960, he became the principal of the ensemble of the theatre. In 1981, he was appointed to deputy concertmaster and took the position as concertmaster in 1984.